Activities and Assessments (Designed to move students from step 1 to step 2)
Adapted from ‘Beehive’, Developing Efficient Numeracy Strategies Stage 1 page 34. NSW Department of Education and Training, Professional Support and Curriculum Directorate 2003
Focus: Emergent counting – that the total of a collection changes when items are added or removed, learning the terms ‘add’ and ‘take away’.
How: See Blank Beehives sheet
Part-part whole board
Focus:Identifying pairs of collections that add to make a given amount (initially up to 5).
How: Place a known number of counters in the box on the board and then split them into two different groups. Count and discuss the two groups that make up the initial number and record by drawing a diagram or picture of the two groups. Repeat.
Focus:Visualise collections up to 5 using 5 as a subunit..
How:Provide each student with a five-frame and 5 counters. Students take turns to spin a spinner displaying dot patterns, count the dots and place the corresponding number of counters onto the five-frame. The exact number needed to complete the five-frame must be rolled to finish. Students should be encouraged to state their current total (“how many do you have now altogether?”) as well as the number they need to make five (“how many more do you need to make 5?”). The addition language inherent in the activity should also be made explicit (eg. “so 3 plus two more will equal 5?”)
Focus: Identifying pairs of numbers that add to make five.
How:Use playing cards 1-4. Place in a 3 x 4 grid pattern face down. Children take turns, turning two cards over. Do they make five? If they do, child keeps the card and the next child takes their turn. Having counters or unifix cubes available for children to use may help to build initial understanding if using numeral cards, or using the provided dot cards initially. Key questions to ask students are: “What is that number? / How many dots is that?” and “How many more to make five?”
Add / Subtract 1
Activity based indicators that students have achieved the target understandings